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The Making of Contemporary China

Waldron, Arthur

Orbis, 2002, Vol.46(2), pp.391-407 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    The Making of Contemporary China
  • Autor: Waldron, Arthur
  • Assuntos: History & Archaeology ; International Relations
  • É parte de: Orbis, 2002, Vol.46(2), pp.391-407
  • Descrição: A review essay on books by (1) Chen Jian, Mao's China and the Cold War (Chapel Hill: U North Carolina Press, 2001); (2) Zhang Liang, Andrew J. Nathan, & Perry Link [Eds], The Tiananmen Papers (New York: Public Affairs, 2001); (3) Steven W. Mosher, Hegemon: China's Plan to Dominate Asia and the World (San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2000); & (4) Gordon G. Chang, The Coming Collapse of China (New York: Random House, 2000). These works explore the vision of Mao Zedong ([Tse-tung] 1893-1976) during his nearly 30-year rule of China & how it has been interpreted & carried on by his successors. Chen offers a brilliant piece of scholarship that analyzes the People's Republic of China's position in the Cold War, documenting its initial estrangement from Russia & later alliance with communist forces. He effectively counters previous contentions that China might have turned toward democracy were it not for some "missed opportunities," exposing Mao's long commitment to revolutionary communism. The Tiananmen Papers represents a collection of top-secret documents smuggled to the West that offer new insights into official concerns about China's prodemocracy demonstrations, which came to international attention with the assault against protesting students on 4 June 1989. Discussions between those who advocated the use of force against the demonstrators & those who wished to subdue the movement more quietly via political means are recounted, & their long-term impacts on Chinese leadership are assessed. Mosher analyzes China's official political rhetoric, including its propagandizing to its people that the US is seeking to keep China under its thumb, & documents the billions of dollars being invested in its development of a state-of-the-art military force to the detriment of its legions of impoverished residents. Chang offers a well-written analysis of the changes in China since Mao's death, identifying both their positive & negative aspects. He argues that the communist government has not kept up with this societal & cultural evolution, & failed to recognize the growing dissatisfaction & declining conditions of its people. Unless it makes some much-needed changes in its political structure, constitution, & policies, the Chinese situation is bound to explode. K. Hyatt Stewart
  • Idioma: Inglês

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