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Multiple hormone secretion by a human pancreatic glucagonoma in culture

White, Anne ; Tan, Kim ; Gray, Carol ; Roberts, Ian ; Ratcliffe, John G

Regulatory Peptides, 1985, Vol.11(4), pp.335-345 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Multiple hormone secretion by a human pancreatic glucagonoma in culture
  • Autor: White, Anne ; Tan, Kim ; Gray, Carol ; Roberts, Ian ; Ratcliffe, John G
  • Assuntos: Glucagon ; Enteroglucagon ; Insulin ; Somatostatin ; Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology
  • É parte de: Regulatory Peptides, 1985, Vol.11(4), pp.335-345
  • Descrição: A patient presenting clinically with the glucagonoma syndrome had high plasma glucagon levels (1920 ng/l) and at laparotomy, a pancreatic islet cell tumour was removed. The tumour was dispersed and placed in culture where it remained viable for 63 days. The tumour cells secreted immunoreactive (IR) glucagon at levels up to 2400 ng/l as detected by a C-terminal glucagon specific antibody and 85400 ngequiv./l as measured by an N-terminal glucagon specific antibody. The difference between these two levels was attributed to the presence of different molecular forms of glucagon measured with the N-terminal specific antibody. IR insulin (up to 302 mU/l) and IR somatostatin (up to 2500 ng/l) were also detected. There was no direct or inverse correlation between different hormone levels. Small but significant levels of N-terminal and C-terminal vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) were detected in some cultures but there was no evidence of gastrin or ACTH. Glucagon and somatostatin secretion persisted for the duration of the culture (63 days) but insulin concentrations declined. Incubation of cultures with somatostatin (1 ng/ml) caused a 75% decrease in glucagon levels, while insulin (1000 mU/l) produced a 70% inhibition of somatostatin.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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