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Evidence for a Three-Stage Sequence of Hominid and Carnivore Involvement with Long Bones at FLKZinjanthropus, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Selvaggio, Marie M

Journal of Archaeological Science, March 1998, Vol.25(3), pp.191-202 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Evidence for a Three-Stage Sequence of Hominid and Carnivore Involvement with Long Bones at FLKZinjanthropus, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
  • Autor: Selvaggio, Marie M
  • Assuntos: Butchery Marks ; Carnivore Tooth Marks ; Experimental Archaeology ; Scavenging ; Site Formation ; Taphonomy ; Butchery Marks ; Carnivore Tooth Marks ; Experimental Archaeology ; Scavenging ; Site Formation ; Taphonomy ; History & Archaeology
  • É parte de: Journal of Archaeological Science, March 1998, Vol.25(3), pp.191-202
  • Descrição: The order in which hominids and carnivores had access to Plio-Pleistocene bone assemblages has defied interpretation despite attempts to decipher their sequence from element frequencies or by comparing ancient butchery marks with modern ones. Data from two simulations in which experimental stone-tool butchery of long bones occurred after carcasses were defleshed by large free-ranging East African carnivores are here compared to data from the FLKZinjanthropusbone assemblage from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. One experimental sample simulated two stages of tissue removal; defleshing of long bones by carnivores, followed by tool-assisted flesh-scrap removal and marrow extraction. A second simulated three stages of tissue removal; the first two stages the same as the first sample, plus a third stage in which bone-crunching carnivores ravaged the remains. Carnivore ravaging is demonstrated to result in additional tooth marks on epiphyseal fragments,...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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