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Presence of the African Machairodont Megantereon whitei(Broom, 1937) (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) in the Lower Pleistocene Site of Venta Micena (Orce, Granada, Spain), with some Considerations on the Origin, Evolution and Dispersal of the Genus

Navarro, Bienvenido Martı́Nez ; Palmqvist, Paul

Journal of Archaeological Science, 1995, Vol.22(4), pp.569-582 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Presence of the African Machairodont Megantereon whitei(Broom, 1937) (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) in the Lower Pleistocene Site of Venta Micena (Orce, Granada, Spain), with some Considerations on the Origin, Evolution and Dispersal of the Genus
  • Autor: Navarro, Bienvenido Martı́Nez ; Palmqvist, Paul
  • Assuntos: Megantereon ; Venta Micena ; Dispersal Of Homoto Europe ; History & Archaeology
  • É parte de: Journal of Archaeological Science, 1995, Vol.22(4), pp.569-582
  • Descrição: We have made a comparative analysis of dental morphometries of the Megantereon specimens found in the Lower Pleistocene site at Venta Micena (Orce, Granada, Southeastern Spain) with representatives of the genus throughout the Old and New World. The methodologies used in the study include discriminant functions and principal component analysis. The results obtained point to the presence of three distinct species of this genus: M. cultridens (Cuvier), indigenous to North America from the Lower Pliocene onwards, which in the Indian subcontinent gave rise to the larger sized species M. falconeri Pomel during the Upper Pliocene. M. cultridens survived until the Middle Pleistocene in China, and its African descendant M. whitei Broom colonized Europe at the time of the Plio-Pleistocene boundary, reaching Dmanisi via the Near East and southern part of the Iberian Peninsula at Venta Micena via the Strait of Gibraltar.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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