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Early Pastoralists in East Africa: Ecological and Social Dimensions

Gifford-Gonzalez, Diane

Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, June 1998, Vol.17(2), pp.166-200 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Early Pastoralists in East Africa: Ecological and Social Dimensions
  • Autor: Gifford-Gonzalez, Diane
  • Assuntos: Anthropology ; History & Archaeology
  • É parte de: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, June 1998, Vol.17(2), pp.166-200
  • Descrição: This article discusses the development of economies based on nonindigenous domestic cattle, sheep, goats, and donkeys in eastern Africa from the Lake Turkana basin south. It specifically addresses a previously noted delay of over a millennium in development of pastoral economies in the region. It argues that this lag could have been caused by novel epizootiological challenges encountered by pastoralists who had thrived in the Lake Turkana basin during the 5th millennium B.P. as they moved south into the Central Rift of Kenya. It reads the archaeofaunas, lithics, and ceramics in early "Neolithic" sites in Kenya and Tanzania as responses by immigrating pastoral groups and indigenous hunter-gatherers to an exceptionally dynamic environment, in which both climatic and veterinary factors made intergroup social alliances and exchange crucial. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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