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“Why Labelling Matters”. On Social Construction of Roma/Gypsies in Europe

Tatiana Zachar Podolinská ; Daniel Škobla

Slovenský Národopis, 01 December 2018, Vol.66(4), pp.378-384 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    “Why Labelling Matters”. On Social Construction of Roma/Gypsies in Europe
  • Autor: Tatiana Zachar Podolinská ; Daniel Škobla
  • Assuntos: History & Archaeology
  • É parte de: Slovenský Národopis, 01 December 2018, Vol.66(4), pp.378-384
  • Descrição: Political parties, government and inter-government representatives across Europe often operate with the term "Roma" ignoring the fact that there are various groups of people and identities around the world with different Romani, Sinti, Travellers and various other origins. [...]the term "Roma" as it is used in most of these documents and in mainstream political and public discourse is imbued with implications of "socially excluded", "marginalized", "vulnerable", "poverty-stricken", "dependent on welfare" and many other adjectives which consequently generate resources for strategies, proposals, measures and action plans for example for "integration of Roma" into the mainstream society. [...]these facts cannot be used as an excuse for essentialisations leading to approaches and policies often mislead by those who design them. [...]the supposed homogeneity of Roma, constructed as poor and unconnected social actors, leads to simplified and erroneous explanation of the causes of poverty, blaming Roma agency itself as the foremost factor bringing about this condition. According to Brubaker, ethnicity should be studied as a category of practice, observed and described from a dynamic perspective at a concrete level as the agenda of concrete actors (organizations, political parties or leaders, activists, etc.). The current European Roma elites speak in this context about a thin layer of "international" or "professional" Roma (Marušiaková, Popov, 2001: 15-17), within the so-called "global Roma nationalism". [...]they are attempting to construct a "Roma nation" as a transnational entity, regardless of the link to a specific Roma group, state or country, with a strong emphasis on certain constitutive elements of "Roma" ("Romipen", "Romanipen") and insist on the use of umbrella label "Roma", come up with new insights into Roma history, put a strong emphasis on the Holocaust and the standardization of the Roma language (Op. cit: 17, Marushiakova et al., 2001).
  • Idioma: Tcheco

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