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Tactic "Tulgama" the Art of War the Mongols XIII century

Leonid A. Bobrov ; Aleksei V. Salnikov

Bylye Gody, 01 December 2015, Vol.38(4), pp.786-797 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Tactic "Tulgama" the Art of War the Mongols XIII century
  • Autor: Leonid A. Bobrov ; Aleksei V. Salnikov
  • Assuntos: Tulgama ; Environment ; Flank ; Nomads ; Mongols ; Conquest ; Borrowing ; History & Archaeology
  • É parte de: Bylye Gody, 01 December 2015, Vol.38(4), pp.786-797
  • Descrição: In this publication, based on a comprehensive analysis of the sources, considered one of the most important tactics of the Mongols of the XIII century, known under the Turkic name "Tulgama". The name of the maneuver is derived from the Turkic verb "talamak", meaning "to surround, to wrapped up, to turn, to whirl, to twist". It is established that the maneuver "Tulgama" was a special tactic, providing coverage flank (flanks) of the enemy in the rear and the application of massed archery shot in his builds. Selected three varieties under consideration tactic: right flank or left flank and steam room (double) "Tulgama". The most typical was right flanks "Tulgama" when doing the nomads, covered the left wing of the enemy with its right flank. This allowed the attacking archers to fire from the most convenient position (left-forward, left, and left-back). A characteristic feature of the Mongol tactical art was a steam room (double) "Tulgama" when the troops of nomads covered both enemy's flank, concluding the enemy's army in the ring, then attacked her from all four sides. A similar technique could not only shoot down from the position, but almost completely destroy the enemy troops. For the most efficient use of maneuver "Tulgama" the Mongols made increasing use of expanded mesalamines system, with a powerful thrust forward flank groups. The concentration of the shock troops on the flanks (reinforced, including by weakening the Central shelf) is dramatically different from the tactics of the Mongols from the traditional tactics of the Turks, whose best part was typically the center of the combat formations. However, direct confrontation of these two approaches during the military campaigns of the XIII century demonstrated the advantages of the Mongol tactical schemes. High efficiency of reception "Tulgama" led to its continued existence in the military art of the nomads.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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