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Secreted Peptide Dilp8 Coordinates Drosophila Tissue Growth with Developmental Timing

Colombani, J. ; Andersen, D. S. ; Leopold, P.

Science, 05/04/2012, Vol.336(6081), pp.582-585 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Secreted Peptide Dilp8 Coordinates Drosophila Tissue Growth with Developmental Timing
  • Autor: Colombani, J. ; Andersen, D. S. ; Leopold, P.
  • Assuntos: Peptides ; Insects ; Signal Transduction ; Tissue
  • É parte de: Science, 05/04/2012, Vol.336(6081), pp.582-585
  • Descrição: The imaginal discs of Drosophila represent defined larval tissues that give rise to the subsequent adult appendages. These tissues regenerate in response to damage. When the imaginal discs are injured or show tumor growth, they signal to the rest of the larval animal to slow down growth and delay morphogenesis. Garelli et al. (p. 579) and Colombani et al. (p. 582) now show that an insulin-like peptide, termed Dilp8, is secreted into the hemolymph (insect "blood") and participates in the communication between growing organs and the endocrine system to adjust the growth program and maturation time. This collaboration ensures that adults attain the normal size and maintain appropriate proportions and symmetry. Little is known about how organ growth is monitored and coordinated with the developmental timing in complex organisms. In insects, impairment of larval tissue growth delays growth and morphogenesis, revealing a coupling mechanism. We carried out a genetic screen in Drosophila to identify molecules expressed by growing tissues participating in this coupling and identified dilp8 as a gene whose silencing rescues the developmental delay induced by abnormally growing tissues. dilp8 is highly induced in conditions where growth impairment produces a developmental delay. dilp8 encodes a peptide for which expression and secretion are sufficient to delay metamorphosis without affecting tissue integrity. We propose that Dilp8 peptide is a secreted signal that coordinates the growth status of tissues with developmental timing. [PUBLICATION ]
  • Idioma: Inglês

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