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Experimental examination of animal trampling effects on artifact movement in dry and water saturated substrates: a test case from South India

Eren, Metin I. ; Durant, Adam ; Neudorf, Christina ; Haslam, Michael ; Shipton, Ceri ; Bora, Janardhana ; Korisettar, Ravi ; Petraglia, Michael

Journal of Archaeological Science, 12/2010, Vol.37(12), pp.3010-3021 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Experimental examination of animal trampling effects on artifact movement in dry and water saturated substrates: a test case from South India
  • Autor: Eren, Metin I. ; Durant, Adam ; Neudorf, Christina ; Haslam, Michael ; Shipton, Ceri ; Bora, Janardhana ; Korisettar, Ravi ; Petraglia, Michael
  • Assuntos: Animal Experimentation -- Analysis ; Water -- Analysis ; Archaeology -- Analysis ; Universities And Colleges -- Analysis
  • É parte de: Journal of Archaeological Science, 12/2010, Vol.37(12), pp.3010-3021
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2010.06.024 Byline: Metin I. Eren (a), Adam Durant (b), Christina Neudorf (c), Michael Haslam (d), Ceri Shipton (e), Janardhana Bora (f), Ravi Korisettar (f), Michael Petraglia (d) Abstract: This paper presents the motivation, procedures, and results of an experiment that examines short episodes of animal trampling in dry and water saturated substrates in South India. While horizontal artifact displacement was similar to that modeled by other trampling experiments, vertical artifact displacement in water saturated substrates was greater than any reported experiment to date. The toolstone used in this experiment, a silicious limestone, exhibited minimal damage after trampling. Artifact inclination patterning appeared to be a potentially diagnostic middle-range marker of trampling in water saturated substrates. Given the abundant number of Paleolithic sites that are located on flat, open surfaces near water-bodies, or experience monsoonal climatic regimes, we propose that future excavations should measure artifact inclination on a regular basis. Author Affiliation: (a) Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University, Campus PO Box 750336, Dallas, TX 75275-0336, USA (b) Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, UK (c) School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Australia (d) School of Archaeology, University of Oxford, UK (e) School of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University, Australia (f) Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Karnatak University, India Article History: Received 4 May 2010; Revised 21 June 2010; Accepted 22 June 2010
  • Idioma: Inglês

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