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Analysis of remote sensing archaeology on traffic function transformation of Tongji Grand Canal in Sui and Tang Dynasties

Wang, Xin-Yuan ; He, Hui ; Zhou, Ying-Qiu ; Gao, Chao ; Han, Shuang-Wang

Chinese Geographical Science, 6/2006, Vol.16(2), pp.95-101 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Analysis of remote sensing archaeology on traffic function transformation of Tongji Grand Canal in Sui and Tang Dynasties
  • Autor: Wang, Xin-Yuan ; He, Hui ; Zhou, Ying-Qiu ; Gao, Chao ; Han, Shuang-Wang
  • Assuntos: Canals ; Traffic ; Remote Sensing
  • É parte de: Chinese Geographical Science, 6/2006, Vol.16(2), pp.95-101
  • Descrição: In China, most directions of river flowing are from west to east. During historic period, since the water traffic played an important role, it was very important to form a cross-horizontal net of water carriage route. Canals should be dug so as to make up the lack of north-south river. Tongji Grand Canal, dug in the first year of Daye (605 A. D.) in the Sui Dynasty, was the important component of north-south system of Grand Canals in China. It promoted economic and social development of the Sui, Tang and Song dynasties (605 A.D.-1279 A.D.). As Tongji Canal (i.e. Tongji Grand Canal) flowed across the Huaibei Plain, which is aggraded by abundant mud and sand deposit resulted from the Huanghe (Yellow) River flooding, many traces (such as old channel) and human culture heritages were buried under mud-sand. Tongji Canal was silted up, and disappeared in the Jin Dynasty (1115 A.D.-1234 A.D.). From then on, there were many different stories about the flowing route of the canal in historical literature. Based on space-bone and air-bone remote sensing imagery, we attempt to search the old channel of Tongji Canal, and supplement historical record. The paper discusses transformation process of Tongji Canal's traffic function, and resumptively summarizes the reasons of the transformation, which results from synthetic function of physical geographical, political, economic, and social conditions.[PUBLICATION ]
  • Idioma: Inglês

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