skip to main content

Assessing the Impact of Institutional and Election Forces on Evaluations of Congressional Incumbents

Born, Richard

The Journal of Politics, 1991, Vol.53(3), pp.764-799 [Periódico revisado por pares]

Texto completo disponível

Citações Citado por
  • Título:
    Assessing the Impact of Institutional and Election Forces on Evaluations of Congressional Incumbents
  • Autor: Born, Richard
  • Assuntos: Political Campaigns ; Legislative Bodies ; Political System As A Whole ; Public Opinion ; Senate (ALL Nations) ; Article
  • É parte de: The Journal of Politics, 1991, Vol.53(3), pp.764-799
  • Descrição: Previous efforts to understand inter-house differences in the way congressional incumbents are evaluated have been confounded by their neglect of senators with nonexpiring terms. Comparisons of these officeholders with senators seeking reelection and House members, respectively, permit isolating the operation of Senate election and institutional forces. In our analysis of five elections since 1978, we find that senators' lower popularity and greater perceived ideological distance from constituents are institutional phenomena, which, contrary to most speculation, are not further aggravated by the onset of reelection campaigns. On the other hand, Senate election mechanisms determine how strongly attitudes concerning national conditions and respondent ideology are linked to incumbent approval, as well as the number of openended comments relating to issues and policy made about the incumbent. Finally, media exposure, while not affecting evaluations of senators regardless of their electoral status, seems pivotal in accounting for the higher esteem accorded to members of the lower house.

Buscando em bases de dados remotas. Favor aguardar.