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The Chaco Anasazi sociopolitical evolution in the prehistoric Southwest

Lynne Sebastian

Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1996

Localização: MAE - Museu Arqueologia e Etnologia    (E99.P9 S443c )(Acessar)

  • Título:
    The Chaco Anasazi sociopolitical evolution in the prehistoric Southwest
  • Autor: Lynne Sebastian
  • Assuntos: Pueblo Indians -- Politics and government; Pueblo Indians -- Social conditions; Pueblo Indians -- Antiquities; Social archaeology -- New Mexico -- Chaco Canyon Region; Social archaeology -- San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.); ARQUEOLOGIA PRÉ-HISTÓRICA -- AMÉRICA DO NORTE ESTADOS UNIDOS NEW MÉXICO; ARQUEOLOGIA SOCIAL -- NEW MÉXICO; ÍNDIOS -- AMÉRICA DO NORTE ESTADOS UNIDOS NEW MÉXICO; ÍNDIOS (ARQUEOLOGIA) -- AMÉRICA DO NORTE; PRÉ-HISTÓRIA -- AMÉRICA DO NORTE ESTADOS UNIDOS NEW MÉXICO
  • Notas: Includes bibliographical references (p. 166-178) and index
  • Descrição: Introduction -- The Chaco phenomenon: background and history of research -- Sociopolitical complexity and the Chaco system -- Routes to sociopolitical power -- Previous explanations for the Chaco phenomenon -- Relations of power, labor investment, and the political evolution of the Chaco system -- Summary and new directions -- Appendix: the computer simulation.
    In the tenth century AD, a remarkable cultural development took place in the harsh and forbidding San Juan Basin of northwestern New Mexico. From small-scale, simply organized, prehistoric Pueblo societies, a complex and socially differentiated political system emerged which has become known as the Chaco Phenomenon. The origins, evolution, and decline of this system have long been the subject of intense archaeological debate. In her book, The Chaco Anusazi: Sociopolitical evolution in the prehistoric Southwest, Lynne Sebastian examines the transition of the Chaco system from an acephalous society, in which leadership was situational and most decision making carried out within kinship structures, to a hierarchically organized political structure with institutional roles of leadership. She argues that harsh environmental factors did not provide the catalyst for such a transition, as has previously been thought. Rather the increasing political complexity was a consequence of improved rainfall in the region which permitted surplus production, thus allowing those farming the best land to capitalize on their material success. By combining information on political evolution with archaeological data and the results of a computer simulation, the author is able to produce a sociopolitically based model of the rise, florescence, and decline of the Chaco Phenomenon
  • Títulos relacionados: Série:New studies in archaeology
  • Editor: Cambridge Cambridge University Press
  • Data de publicação: 1996
  • Formato: xiii, 181 p ill., maps, plans 26 cm.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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