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Significance of the Morphological Patterns of Electrograms Recorded During Ventricular Fibrillation:

Chorro, Francisco J. ; Ferrero, Angel ; Canoves, Joaquín ; Mainar, Luis ; Porres, Juan C. ; Navarro, Alejandro ; Sanchis, Juan ; Millet, José ; Bodí, Vicente ; López‐Merino, Vicente ; Such, Luis

Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, May 2003, Vol.26(5), pp.1262-1269 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Significance of the Morphological Patterns of Electrograms Recorded During Ventricular Fibrillation:
  • Autor: Chorro, Francisco J. ; Ferrero, Angel ; Canoves, Joaquín ; Mainar, Luis ; Porres, Juan C. ; Navarro, Alejandro ; Sanchis, Juan ; Millet, José ; Bodí, Vicente ; López‐Merino, Vicente ; Such, Luis
  • Assuntos: Ventricular Fibrillation ; Mapping ; Electrograms ; Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • É parte de: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, May 2003, Vol.26(5), pp.1262-1269
  • Descrição: Mapping techniques are used to study the significance of the morphological patterns of the electrograms (EGMs) obtained during VF in an experimental model. In 24 isolated rabbit heart preparations recordings were made of activation during VF using a multiple electrode (121 unipolar electrodes) positioned on the lateral wall of the left ventricle. Three types of activation maps were selected: (A) with functional block of an activation front; (B) with epicardial breakthrough; and (C) with a single broad wavefront without block lines. The EGMs were classified as negative (Q), positive‐negative with a predominance of the negative (rS) or positive wave (Rs), and positive (R). In 60 type A maps the morphology in the zone limiting the block line corresponded to an R wave in 55 (92%) cases and to Rs in 5 (8%) cases. In 67 type B maps, the EGM in the earliest activation zone most often showed Q wave morphology (48 [72%] cases), followed by rS (18 [27%] cases), and Rs morphology (1 [1%] case); in no case was R wave morphology seen. Finally, in 78 type C maps the morphology corresponded to a Q wave in 15 (19%) cases, rS in 38 (49%), Rs in 24 (31%), and R in a 1 (1%) case. The differences between the three types of maps were significant (P < 0.0001). Q wave EGM sensitivity for indicating the existence of an epicardial breakthrough pattern was 72%, with a specificity of 89%, and positive and negative predictive values of 76% and 87%, respectively. R wave EGM sensitivity for indicating the existence of conduction block was 92%, with a specificity of 99%, and positive and negative predictive values of 98% and 97%, respectively. R wave morphology is highly sensitive and specific for indicating conduction block. EGM recordings with initial positivity predominance are infrequent in the earliest activation zones of epicardial breakthrough during VF. The recording of the EGM with Q wave morphology indicates centrifugal activation from the explored zone. (PACE 2003; 26:1262–1269)

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