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Hepatitis C Virus in Dialysis Units: A Multicenter Study

Da Porto, A. ; Adami, A. ; Susanna, F. ; Calzavara, P. ; Poli, P. ; Castelletto, M.R. ; Amici, G.P. ; Teodori, T. ; Okolicsanyi, L.

Nephron, 7/1/2004, Vol.61(3), pp.309-310 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Hepatitis C Virus in Dialysis Units: A Multicenter Study
  • Autor: Da Porto, A. ; Adami, A. ; Susanna, F. ; Calzavara, P. ; Poli, P. ; Castelletto, M.R. ; Amici, G.P. ; Teodori, T. ; Okolicsanyi, L.
  • Assuntos: Hepatitis C virus ; Hemodialysis
  • É parte de: Nephron, 7/1/2004, Vol.61(3), pp.309-310
  • Descrição: Abstract Three hundred and eighty-seven chronic hemodialysis patients were evaluated, in a multicenter study, to investigate the epidemiology of hepatitis C virus. In anti-HCV seropositive patients, serum ALT values and blood transfusions were retrospectively compared; blood donors were studied for serum transaminases. In seropositive patients without previous blood transfusions, analysis of dialysis schedule was done. Eventually, the intrafamilial transmission of hepatitis C virus was studied in 104 family members. The prevalence of HCV infection in hemodialysis patients was 15.7%. The incidence of acute hepatitis was frequent, while chronic hepatitis incidence was less than expected (17.5%). Intrafamilial diffusion was low (1.9%). Blood-transfusion-related infections seem to be negligible, while cross-contamination in dialysis units seems to be very important. Copyright © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • Idioma: Inglês

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